Stop Loss 조정

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The Stop-Loss Order—Make Sure You Use It

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With so many things to consider when deciding whether or not to buy a stock, it's easy to omit some important considerations. The stop-loss order may be one of those factors. When used appropriately, a stop-loss order can make a world of a difference. And just about everybody can benefit Stop Loss 조정 from this tool.

Key Takeaways

  • Most investors can benefit from implementing a stop-loss order.
  • A stop-loss is designed to limit an investor's loss on a security position that makes an unfavorable move.
  • One key advantage of using a stop-loss order is you don't need to monitor your holdings daily.
  • A disadvantage is that a short-term price fluctuation could activate the stop and trigger an unnecessary sale.

Stop Loss Order Strategy

What Is a Stop-Loss Order?

A stop-loss order is an order placed with a broker to buy or sell a specific stock once the stock reaches a certain price. A stop-loss is designed to limit an investor's loss on a security position. For example, setting a stop-loss order for 10% below the price at which you bought the stock will limit your loss to 10%. Suppose you just purchased Microsoft (MSFT) at $20 per share. Right after buying the stock, you enter a stop-loss order for $18. If the stock falls below $18, your shares will then be sold at the prevailing market price.

Stop-limit orders are similar to stop-loss orders. However, as their name states, there is a limit on the price at which they will execute. There are then two prices specified in a stop-limit order: the stop price, which will convert the order to a sell order, and the limit price. Instead of the order becoming a market order to sell, the sell order becomes a limit order that will only execute at the limit price (or better).

Advantages of the Stop-Loss Order

The most important benefit of a stop-loss order is that it costs nothing to implement. Your regular commission is charged only once the stop-loss price has been reached and the stock must be sold. One way to think of a stop-loss order is as a Stop Loss 조정 free insurance policy.

Additionally, when it comes to stop-loss orders, you don't have to monitor how a stock is performing daily. This convenience is especially handy when you are on vacation or in a situation that prevents you from watching your stocks for an extended period.

Stop-loss orders also help insulate your decision-making from emotional influences. People tend to "fall in love" with stocks. For example, they may maintain the false belief that if they give a stock another chance, it will come around. In actuality, this delay may only cause losses to mount.

No matter what type of investor you are, you should be able to easily identify why you own a stock. A value investor's criteria will be different from the criteria of a growth investor, which will be different from the criteria of an active trader. No matter what the strategy is, the strategy will only work if you stick to it. So, if you are a hardcore buy-and-hold investor, your stop-loss orders are next to useless.

At the end of the day, if you are going to be a successful investor, you have to be confident in your strategy. This means carrying through with your plan. The advantage of stop-loss orders is that they can help you stay on track and prevent your judgment from getting clouded with emotion.

Finally, it's important to realize that stop-loss orders do not guarantee you'll make money in the stock market; you still have to make intelligent investment decisions. If you don't, you'll lose just as much money as you would without a stop-loss (only at a much slower rate.)

Stop-Loss Orders Are Also a Way to Lock In Profits

Stop-loss orders are traditionally thought of as a way to prevent losses. However, another use of this tool is to lock in profits. In this case, sometimes stop-loss orders are referred to as a "trailing stop." Here, the stop-loss order is set at a percentage level below the current market price (not the price at which you bought it). The price of the stop-loss adjusts as the stock price fluctuates. It's important to keep in mind that if a stock goes up, you have an unrealized gain; you don't have the cash in hand until you sell. Using a trailing stop allows you to let profits run, while, at the same time, guaranteeing at least some realized capital gain.

Continuing with our Microsoft example from above, suppose you set a trailing stop order for 10% below the current price, and the stock skyrockets to $30 within a month. Your trailing-stop order would then lock in at $27 per share ($30 - (10% x $30) = $27). Because this is the worst price you would receive, even if the stock takes an unexpected dip, you won't be in the red. Of course, keep in mind the stop-loss order is still a market order—it simply stays dormant and is activated only when the trigger price is reached. So, the price your sale actually trades at may be slightly different than the specified trigger price.

Disadvantages of Stop-Loss Orders

The main disadvantage is that a short-term fluctuation in a stock's price could activate the stop price. The key is picking a stop-loss percentage that allows a stock to fluctuate day-to-day, while also preventing as much downside risk as possible. Setting a 5% stop-loss order on a stock that has a history of fluctuating 10% or more in a week may not be the best strategy. You'll most likely just lose money on the commission generated from the execution of your stop-loss order.

There are no hard-and-fast rules for the level at which stops should be placed; it totally depends on your individual investing style. An active trader might use a 5% level, while a long-term investor might choose 15% or more.

Another thing to keep in mind is that, once you reach your stop price, your stop order becomes a market order. So, the price at which you sell may be much different from the stop price. This fact is especially true in a fast-moving market where stock prices can change rapidly. Another restriction with the stop-loss order is that many brokers do not allow you to place a stop order on certain securities like OTC Bulletin Board stocks or penny stocks.

Stop-limit orders have further potential risks. These orders can guarantee a price limit, but the trade may not be executed. This can harm investors during a fast market if the stop order triggers, but the limit order does not get filled before the market price blasts through the limit price. If bad news comes out about a company and the limit price is only $1 or $2 below the stop-loss price, then the investor must hold onto the stock for an indeterminate period before the share price rises again. Both types of orders can be entered as either day or good-until-canceled (GTC) orders.

The Bottom Line

A stop-loss order is a simple tool that can offer significant advantages when used effectively. Whether to prevent excessive losses or to lock in profits, nearly all investing styles can benefit from this tool. Think of a stop-loss as an insurance policy: You hope you never have to use it, but it's good to know you have the protection should you need it.

Stop-Loss Order

Michael Kramer is an expert on company news and the founder of Mott Capital Management. Michael Stop Loss 조정 has over 20 years of experience with investing and 10 years as a buy side equity trader. He received his master's degree in investment management from Pace University.

Gordon Scott has been an active investor and technical analyst of securities, futures, forex, and penny stocks for 20+ years. He is a member of the Investopedia Financial Review Board and Stop Loss 조정 the co-author of Investing to Win. Gordon is a Chartered Market Technician (CMT). He is also a member of CMT Association.

Amanda Bellucco-Chatham is an editor, writer, and fact-checker with years of experience researching personal finance topics. Specialties include general financial planning, career development, lending, retirement, tax preparation, and credit.

What Is a Stop-Loss Order?

A stop-loss order is a type of order used by traders to limit their loss or lock in a profit on an existing position. Traders can control their exposure to risk by placing a stop-loss order.

Stop-loss orders are orders with instructions to close out a position by buying or selling a security at the market when it reaches a certain price known as the stop Stop Loss 조정 price.

They are different from stop-limit orders, which are orders to buy or sell at a specific price once the security's price reaches a certain stop price. Stop-limit orders may not get executed whereas a stop-loss order will always be executed (assuming there are buyers and sellers for the security).

For example, a trader may buy a stock and place a stop-loss order with a stop 10% below the stock's purchase price. Should the stock price drop to that 10% level, the stop-loss order is triggered and the stock would be sold at the best available price.

Although most investors associate a stop-loss order with a long position, it can also protect a short position. In such a case, the position gets closed out through an offsetting purchase if the security trades at or above a specific price.

Key Takeaways

  • A stop-loss order instructs that a stock be bought or sold when it reaches a specified price known as the stop price.
  • Once the stop price is met, the stop order becomes a market order and is executed at the next available opportunity.
  • Stop-loss orders are used to limit loss or lock in profit on existing positions.
  • They can protect investors with either long or short positions.
  • A stop-loss order is different from a stop-limit order, the latter of which must execute at a specific price rather than at the market.

The Stop Loss Order

How Stop-Loss Orders Work

Traders or investors may choose to use a stop-loss order to limit their losses and protect their profits. By placing a stop-loss order, they can manage risk by exiting a position if the price for their security starts moving in the direction opposite to the position that they've taken.

A stop-loss order to sell is a customer order that instructs a broker to sell a security if the market price for it drops to or below a specified stop price. A stop-loss order to buy sets the stop price above the current market price.

Advantage Over a Stop-Limit Order

A stop-loss order becomes a market order to be executed at the best available price if the price of a security reaches the stop price. A stop-limit order also triggers at the stop price. However, the limit order might not be executed because it is an order to execute at a specific (limit) price. Thus, the stop-loss order removes the risk that a position won't be closed out as the stock price continues to fall.

Potential Disadvantages

One disadvantage of the stop-loss order concerns price gaps. If a stock price suddenly gaps below (or above) the stop price, the order would trigger. The stock would be sold (or bought) at the next available price even if the stock is trading sharply away from your stop loss level.

Another disadvantage concerns getting stopped out in a choppy market that quickly reverses itself and resumes in the direction that was beneficial to your position.

Investors can create a more flexible stop-loss order by combining it with a trailing stop. A trailing stop is an order whose stop price, rather than being a fixed price, is instead set at a certain percentage or dollar amount below (or above) the current market price. So, for instance, as the price of a security that you own moves up, the stop price moves up with it, allowing you to lock in some profit as you continue to be protected from downside risk.

Benefits of Stop-Loss Orders

  • Stop-loss orders are a smart and easy way to manage the risk of loss on a trade.
  • They can help traders lock in profit.
  • Every investor can make them a part of their investment strategy.
  • They add discipline to an investor's short-term trading efforts.
  • They take emotions out of trading.
  • They eliminate the need to monitor investments on a daily (or hourly) basis.

Examples of Stop-Loss Orders

A trader buys 100 shares of XYZ Company for $100 and sets a stop-loss order at $90. The stock declines over the next few weeks and falls below $90. The trader's stop-loss order gets triggered and the position is sold at $89.95 for a minor loss. The market continues trending downward.

A trader buys 500 shares of ABC Corporation for $100 and sets a stop-loss order for $90. After the market closes, the business reports Stop Loss 조정 unfavorable earnings results. When the market opens the next day, ABC's stock price gaps down. The trader's stop-loss order is triggered. The order gets executed at a price of $70.00 for a substantial loss. However, the market continues dropping and closes at 49.50. While the stop-loss order couldn't protect the trader as originally intended, it still limited the loss to much less than it could have been.

What's a Stop-Loss Order?

It's an order placed once you've taken a position in a security (on the buy side or sell side) with instructions to close out your position by selling (or buying) the security at the market if the price of the security reaches a Stop Loss 조정 specific level.

How Does a Stop-Loss Order Limit Loss?

A stop-loss order limits your exposure to less of a loss than you might otherwise experience by automatically closing out your position if your stock trades to an unfavorable market price level that you designate. If you use a trailing stop with your stop-loss order, that protection can move with your position even as it increases in value. So, a loss could translate to less profit rather than a complete loss.

Do Long-Term Investors Need Stop-Loss Orders?

Probably not. Long-term investors shouldn't be overly concerned with market fluctuations because they're in the market for the long haul and can wait for it to recover from downturns. However, they can and should evaluate market drops to determine if some action is called for. For example, a downturn could provide the opportunity to add to their positions, rather than to exit them.

Stop-Loss Order

A stop-loss order is a tool used by traders and investors to limit losses and reduce risk exposure. With a stop-loss order, an investor enters an order to exit a trading position that he holds if the price of his investment moves to a certain level that represents a specified amount of loss in the trade. By using a stop-loss order, a trader limits his risk in the trade to a set amount in the event that the market moves against him.

Stop-loss Order theme

For example, a trader who buys shares of stock at $25 per share might enter a stop-loss order to sell his shares, closing out the trade, at $20 per share. It effectively limits his risk on the investment to a maximum loss of $5 per share. If the stock price falls to $20 per share, the order will automatically be executed, closing out the trade. Stop-loss orders can be especially helpful in the event of a sudden and substantial price movement against a trader’s position.

Understanding Stop-Loss Orders

Stop-loss orders can also be used to lock in a certain amount of profit in a trade. For example, if a trader has bought a stock at $2 a share and the price subsequently rises to $5 a share, he might place a stop-loss order at $3 a share, locking in a $1 per share profit in the event that the price of the stock falls back down to $3 a share.

It’s important to understand that stop-loss orders differ from limit orders that are only executed if the security can be bought (or sold) at a specified price or better. When the price level of a security moves to – or beyond – the specified stop-loss order price, the stop-loss order immediately becomes a market order to buy or sell at the best available price.

Therefore, in a rapidly moving market, a stop-loss order may not be filled at exactly the specified stop price level, but will usually be filled fairly close to the specified stop price. But traders should clearly understand that in some extreme instances stop-loss orders may not provide much protection.

For example, let’s say a trader has purchased a stock at $20 per share and placed a stop-loss order at $18 a share, and that the stock closes on one trading day at $21 a share. Then, after the close of trading for the day, catastrophic news about the company comes out.

If the stock price gaps lower on the market open the next trading day – say, with trading opening at $10 a share – then the trader’s $18 a share stop-loss order will immediately be triggered because the price has fallen to below the stop-loss order price, but it will not be filled anywhere close to $18 a share. Instead, it will be filled around the prevailing market price of $10 per share.

With limit orders, your order is guaranteed to be filled at the specified order price or better. The only guarantee if a stop-loss order is triggered is that the order will be immediately executed, and filled at the Stop Loss 조정 prevailing market price at that time.

Purposes of Stop-Loss Orders

The main purposes of a stop-loss order are to reduce risk exposure (by limiting potential losses) and to make trading easier (by already having an order in place that will automatically be executed if the market trades at a specified price).

Traders are strongly urged to always use stop-loss orders whenever they Stop Loss 조정 enter a trade, in order to limit their risk and avoid a potentially catastrophic loss. In short, stop-loss orders serve to make trading less risky by limiting the amount of capital risked on any single trade.

Other Resources

Thank you for reading CFI’s guide on Stop-Loss Order. To keep learning and developing your knowledge base, please explore the additional relevant resources below:Stop Loss 조정

How To Calculate Stop-Loss

stop loss graphic chart

Adam Milton is a professional financial trader who specializes in writing and curating content about commodities markets and trading strategies. Through both his writing and his daily duties in trading, Adam helps retail investors understand day trading. As the principal DAX stock index trader for Patrick Marne Investment Management AG, Adam has been a full-time financial trader for several years, trading European, U.S., and Asian markets five days a week. He has experience analyzing various financial markets, and creating new trading techniques and trading systems for scalping, day, swing, and position trading.

Gordon Scott has been an active investor and technical analyst of securities, futures, forex, and penny stocks for 20+ years. He is a member of the Investopedia Financial Review Board and the co-author of Investing to Win. Gordon is a Chartered Market Technician (CMT). He is also a member of CMT Association.

As a day trader, you should always use a stop-loss order on your trades. Barring slippage, the stop-loss lets you know how much you stand to lose on a given trade. Once you start using stop-loss orders, you'll need to learn how to calculate your stop-loss and determine exactly where your stop-loss order will go.

Key Takeaways

  • Stop-loss orders act as an alarm when trading stocks, pulling the plug when you're wrong about the anticipated direction of the market.
  • Stop-loss orders can be effective when they’re calculated and placed correctly. They'll exit when a stock has fallen below your acceptable threshold.
  • You can calculate stop-loss based on the cents or ticks or pips you have at risk, or on the amount of dollars at risk.
  • The same stop-loss order won’t work for all trades. They’re highly individualized but can be worth doing the math.

Correctly Placing a Stop-Loss

A good stop-loss strategy involves placing your stop-loss at a location where, if hit, you would know that you were wrong about the direction of the market. You probably won't have the luck of perfectly timing all your trades. As much as you'd like it to, the price won't always shoot up right after you buy a stock. Therefore, when you buy, give the trade a bit of room to move before it starts to go up. Instead of trying to prevent any loss, a stop-loss is intended to exit a position if the price drops so much that you obviously had the wrong expectation about the market's direction.

As a general guideline, when you buy stock, place your stop-loss price below a recent price bar low (a "swing low"). Which price bar you select to place your stop-loss below will vary by strategy, but this makes a logical stop-loss location, because the price bounced off that low point. If the price moves below that low, you may be wrong about the market direction, and you'll know that it's time to exit the trade. It can help to study charts and look for visual cues, as well as crunching the numbers to look at hard data.

As a general guideline, when you are short-selling, place a stop-loss above a recent price bar high (a "swing high"). Which price bar you select to place your stop-loss above will vary by strategy, just like stop-loss orders for buys, but this gives you a logical stop-loss location, because the price dropped off that high. Studying charts to look for the swing high is similar to looking for the swing low.

Calculating Your Placement

Your stop-loss placement can be calculated in two different ways: cents or ticks or pips at risk, and account-dollars at risk. The strategy that emphasizes account-dollars at risk provides much more important information, because it lets you know how much of your account you have risked on the trade.

It's also important to take note of the cents or pips or ticks at risk, but it works better for simply relaying information. For example, your stop is at X, and long entry is Stop Loss 조정 Y, so you would calculate the difference as follows:

Y - X = cents/ticks/pips at risk

If you buy a stock at $10.05 and place a stop-loss at $9.99, then you have six cents at risk per share that you own. If you short the EUR/USD forex currency pair at 1.1569 and have a stop-loss at 1.1575, you have 6 pips at risk per lot.

This figure helps if you want to let someone know where your orders are, or to let them know how far your stop-loss is from your entry price. It does not tell you (or someone else) how much of your account you have risked on the trade, though.

To calculate how many dollars of your account you have at risk, you need to know the cents or ticks or pips at risk, and also your position size. In the stock example, you have $0.06 of risk per share. Let's say you have a position size of 1,000 shares. That makes your total risk on the trade $0.06 x 1,000 shares, or $60 (plus commissions).

For the EUR/USD example, you are risking 6 pips, and if you have a 5 mini lot position, calculate your dollar risk as:

Pips at risk X Pip value X position size


6 pips at risk X $1 per pip X 5 mini lots = $30 risk (plus commission)

Your dollar risk in a futures position is calculated the same as a forex trade, except instead of pip value, you would use a tick value. If you buy the E-mini S&P 500 (ES) at 1,254.25 and a place a stop-loss at 1,253, you are risking 5 ticks, and each tick is worth $12.50. If you buy three contracts, you would calculate your dollar risk as follows:

5 ticks X $12.50 per tick X 3 contracts = $187.50 (plus commissions)

Control Your Account Risk

The number of dollars you have at risk should represent only a small portion of your total trading account. Typically, the amount you risk should be below 2% of your account balance, and ideally below 1%.

For example, say a forex trader places a 6-pip stop-loss order and trades 5 mini lots, which results in a risk of $30 for the trade. If risking 1%, that means they have risked 1/100 of their account. Therefore, how big should their account be if they are willing to risk $30 on a trade? You would calculate this as $30 x 100 = $3,000. To risk $30 on the trade, the trader should have at least $3,000 in their account to keep the risk to the account at a minimum.

Quickly work the other way to see how much you can risk per trade. If you have a $5,000 account, you can risk $5,000 ÷ 100, or $50 per trade. If you have an account balance of $30,000, you can risk up to $300 per trade (though you may opt to risk even less than that).

The Bottom Line

Always use a stop-loss, and examine your strategy to determine the appropriate placement for your stop-loss order. Depending on the strategy, your cents or pips or ticks at risk may be different on each trade. That's because the stop-loss should be placed strategically for each trade.

The stop-loss should only be hit if you incorrectly predicted the direction of the market. You need to know your cents or ticks or pips at risk on each trade, because that allows you to calculate your dollars at risk, which is a much more important calculation, and one that guides your future trades. Your dollars at risk on each trade should ideally be kept to 1% or less of your trading capital so that a loss—even a string of losses—won't greatly deplete your trading account.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is a trailing stop-loss order and how do you use one?

A Stop Loss 조정 trailing stop-loss order functions similarly to a stop-loss order, but the order isn't stagnant. Instead of being tied to a specific sell price, a trailing stop-loss order updates with price action and is tied to the current price. When the stock price goes up, the price that would trigger a trailing stop-loss order increases by the same amount. For example, a trader may decide they want to sell when the stock price declines by $1. If the price starts at $22, this trailing stop-loss order will trigger at $21. If the stock price rallies to $25, then the trailing stop-loss order will trigger at $24. If a trader leaves the order open indefinitely, it will automatically update until a decline triggers it. These triggers can be measured in dollars or percentages.

Where should you set stop-loss orders as part of a buy-and-hold investing strategy?

Some buy-and-hold investors may not use stop-losses at all; if they deeply believe in the long-term financial health of the business, they may not mind holding through any level of price decline. Others may plan to buy and hold, but they want to try to buy at the absolute bottom of a downtrend, so they'll use a stop-loss to sell if the price continues to decline after their purchase.

Why would a stop-loss order be placed above the purchase price?

Some traders will "walk up stops" after entering a trade. When the price action consolidates and then breaks higher, a trader may decide to move their stop-loss sell order up so that it's just below the latest point of consolidation. This works best for swing and short-term traders who aren't interested in holding a stock through ups and downs—they want out of the trade as soon as the trend changes.

Stop Loss – What is it, Benefits and How to use it?

What is Stop Loss?

When an investor buys a stock, he/she expects its price to rise to a certain level. However, short-term market fluctuations may arise and result in different price levels than expected. A Stop Loss protects an investor against drastic fluctuations as he/she can give instructions to the broker to automatically sell the stock at a particular price. This price is generally set at lower levels than the price at which the stock is bought.

What is the definition of stop loss?

Stop-loss is also called ‘stop order’ or ‘stop-market order’. It can be defined as a sell order placed in advance for an asset to be sold when it reaches a certain price point. It is mainly used to minimise or limit the loss in a trade. The concept is often used for short-term trading. In this automated order, an investor reaches out to the broker/agent and pays a certain amount of brokerage to place the order.

Variants of stop loss in share trading

Stop loss helps to reduce losses during share trading. There are many variants of stop-loss orders, each with a distinct objective:

  • Sell stop order: This is used to restrict losses or protect profits in case a stock’s price decreases. It uses a stop price below the current market price.
  • Buy stop order: This is used for purchasing stocks as insurance against any losses and protecting gains from a short sell transaction. Here, the stop price is above the current market price.
  • Trailing sell stop order: The stop parameter here is based on a trailing change that is part of the actual reduction in the stock’s price. Used for maximizing profits in case a stock’s price rises or minimizing losses in case stock prices fall.
  • Trailing buy stop order: Here, the stop parameter is based on a trailing change in the stock’s actual price rise. It helps to maximize profits in case a stock’s price falls or minimizing losses when stock prices rise.
  • Stop-Limit order: This is an order combination of a limit order and a stop order. When the stop price is reached, the stop-limit order instructs to limit order of buying or selling securities at the specified price.

How to use stop loss?

The stop loss can be used in different ways. The most common method is to set a price. Once the stock reaches this price, an order is automatically placed to sell the stock. The broker sells the stock at the prevailing market price as per this instruction. It can also be used for short-selling, in which case, the Stop Loss price triggers a buy order. For instance, if you expect a stock priced at Rs. 100 to fall, you can set a Stop Loss at Rs. 80. Thus, if the price falls, you can still limit your loss to Rs. 20.

Fixing the stop loss price:

There is no fixed price at which a Stop Loss can be set. It differs across stocks. This is mainly since the degree of fluctuation for each stock price will be different. For instance, Stock A’s price may rise or fall by 10% within a month while Stock B tends to move only by 5%. Thus, the Stop Loss for each may vary. While using Stop Loss 조정 Stop Loss, it is important to keep the investment duration in mind. Short-term investors mostly have a low threshold, therefore, their Stop losses are normally around 2-5%. Long-term investors tend to set a higher Stop Loss of 10-20%.

Trailing stop loss:

This variant of Stop Loss helps to protect profits. For instance, you buy a stock at Rs 100 and the price increases to Rs. 120. You can then set a Trailing Stop Loss at a fixed amount of Rs. 10 or at 5%. The Trailing Stop Loss will be triggered if the stock falls from Rs. 120. If it touches Rs. 110 or falls by 5% to Rs. 114, the Trailing Stop Loss automatically places a sell order and protects your profits.

Bracket orders:

You can also use a combination of two Stop Losses to protect your profits and minimise your losses. Suppose you buy a stock at Rs. 100 and set a Stop Loss at Rs. 80 along with a Trailing Stop Loss at Rs. 10. You can also replace the Trailing Stop Loss with another Limit Sell order. This order takes effect in case the stock price touches a high price of, for instance, Rs. 120. Thus, you can limit the risk in your investment portfolio as your losses will be limited.

What are the benefits of stop loss

Here are some of the main benefits of stop loss:

  • It provides protection against excessive losses
  • It enables investors to ensure better control of their investment
  • Investors can use it to monitor multiple deals
  • Stop loss is automatically executed, thus eliminating manual intervention each time a stock price fluctuates undesirably
  • Easy to implement
  • Allows individual investors to decide on the amount of risk they can take
  • Promotes discipline

Things to consider while using Stop Loss

Here are some of the important factors to be noted while using stop loss in trades:

  • Stop loss can be activated even if there are short-term price movements. The idea, however, is to protect against downside risk. Therefore, it should be set up such that it allows day-to-day price movements in stocks.
  • Impulse selling can also be triggered due to a stop loss. If a stop loss is not selected and set up appropriately, it may result in a trade being stopped before it can be profitable.
  • New investors may not be able to take the decision on setting stop loss limits. Therefore, it is important to learn more about the concept or consult a financial advisor while setting it up.
  • Some brokers may also charge for using the stop loss option as part of the overall brokerage. This can result in additional cost and reduced profits through trades.


A Stop-loss strategy is mainly used to avoid additional losses if the trend is against the trade decision by exiting the trade at a price point automatically. It is a good option for day traders to use and limit losses after a certain price movement.

In the trailing stop-loss strategy, the threshold price is set, above which it will execute itself and come out of the trade if the price shift may result in losses. However, it is not fixed on a particular number and it changes depending on the trend to ensure minimal risk.

In this strategy, the stop-loss order is placed at a price point at which the stock price trend is expected to rise up from a downward trend.

There is no set rule on the price at which one should set a Stop Loss. Short-term traders tend to use Stop Losses of 2-5% whereas Long-term investors may set Stop Losses of 10-20%. It all depends on your risk tolerance.

A fixed stop loss is an order triggered in case a predetermined price is reached. Fixed stop loss can be timed as per the type of trade.

Yes, you can buy a stock and set a stop loss at the same time. Investors often enter the market on a limit order and use a protective stop to manage risks.

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